About Animal Nutrition Division

The Animal Nutrition was established as a combined Division of Dairy Cattle Nutrition and Physiology during 1971 at NDRI. The main objectives of the Division were to fulfill the mandate of the Institute by conducting basic and applied research, undertaking post-graduate programmes of education and participating in the process of extension education through various training programmes and field level technology development and refinement in the discipline of dairy cattle nutrition and forage production. The Division has a well-knit team of highly qualified and experienced scientists occupying different positions. The faculty members have been adequately trained in various priority areas and have visited advanced institutions of repute in European countries, Canada and United States of America to gain expertise and exposure in the respective field.
The infrastructure facilities viz., central instrumentation laboratory, laboratory for anaerobic rumen microbial work, laboratory for environment related studies including methanogenesis and its mitigation, quality control laboratory, feed processing unit, micronutrient laboratory, nutritional biotechnology laboratory, applied animal nutrition lab are the main component of the Division. The department is fully equipped with state of the art facilities in the field of animal nutrition.
The Division is engaged in post-graduate education of M.V.Sc and Ph. D. Degrees and has helped in the human resources development. The scholars who have passed out from this division are occupying key positions in various research, academic and developmental organizations and industry.

Salient Achievements

The utilization of agro-industrial byproducts and unconventional feeds, inventory preparation and methane mitigation vis-a vis improvement in production and productivity, bypass nutrient technology for enhanced production and reproduction in cattle and buffaloes, vitamin and mineral utilization, enhanced conjugated linoleic acid level in milk through dietary manipulation, amelioration of anti metabolites and environmental pollutants, isolation and characterization of rumen microbes, role of rumen microbes in health and gut microbiata and improvement of semen production performance by supplementing micronutrients especially race minerals and so on.

Technology Development

The research efforts of the Division through Institute level projects, collaborative projects, consultancy project and post-graduate research work during the past couple of decades have contributed towards technology development meaningful to the end users i.e., farmers and the feed industry. The various technologies which emerged by these research efforts include:

  • Establishment of nutritional requirements with respect to energy, protein and some minerals for growth, pregnancy and lactation in cattle, buffaloes and goats.
  • Technology for ammoniation of straws.
  • Optimization of NPN utilization and its relationship with sulphur.
  • Improvement of crop residues by chemical, physical and biological means. The Karnal process of crop residue improvement has been evolved in this Division.
  • Bypass nutrient technology for better nutrient utilization, higher productive and reproductive performance.
  • Development of an economic milk substitute for calves.
  • Development of “Degcure” mixture for prevention and treatment of Degnala disease.
  • Development of densified straw blocks and total mixed rations.
  • Development of a suitable mineral mixture for dairy cattle during pre-partum and post partum period to prevent occurrence of metabolic diseases and improvement in productive performance.
  • Development of cold process of making Urea-Molasses-Mineral-Block licks for dairy cattle.
  • Nutritional evaluation of various agro-industrial by products like apple pomace, soyspulp, mahua cake, neem cake, subabool leaf meal, deoiled rice bran, sea weed, babul pod etc.
  • Establishment of safety levels and detoxification measures regarding toxic factors such as aflatoxins, mimosine, tannins, glucosinolates, pesticide residues, heavy metals, phytoestrogens etc.
  • Development of methodology for simultaneous analysis of pesticides in milk and feed.
  • Improvement in utilization of poor quality roughages using fungal fibrolytic enzymes.
  • Technology for enhancement of CLA content in milk in ruminants.

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